8 prostate cancer risk factors
Most cancers are due to many risk factors, but sometimes prostate cancer develops in men who have none of the risk factors described below.
The exact causes of prostate cancer are still unknown. Numerous studies are underway in the world and we will surely know more in the coming years. However, research has shed light on certain risk factors, the first three of which are established.
Your risk of developing prostate cancer increases as you age, especially after 50 years old.
- Family history
You are 2 to 5 times more at risk if a parent (father, brother, uncle, son) is affected, if he has been diagnosed before age 65, and if there are breast, ovarian, pancreas or colon cancers, among others, in the family.
Although the consumption of red meat is now an established risk factor, there is a possible link between the consumption of fat, especially animal fat or processed meat (bacon, sausage, etc.) and a higher risk of developing prostate cancer.
- Racial origin
The rate of prostate cancer is lower in men of Asian origin, while men of African or Caribbean origin are more likely to develop the disease and die from it. They are also more likely to be diagnosed at a younger age than Caucasian men.
- Genetic mutations
You are at higher risk of developing prostate cancer if you inherit the BRCA2 gene mutation. This genetic mutation also increases the risk of breast and ovarian cancer in women. Genetic mutations represent very few cases.
- Overweight or obesity
Studies show that men who are overweight or obese are more likely to be diagnosed with prostate cancer that is advanced or has already spread (metastases) to other parts of the body.
- Vitamin D deficiency
Studies suggest that vitamin D deficiency in men may be associated with an increased risk of developing more aggressive prostate cancer and an increased risk of recurrence. The majority of Quebecers, especially men over 50, lack vitamin D, particularly in winter.
- Various environmental factors
Scientific evidence suggests that occupational exposure to chemical or toxic substances - in the case of firefighters - or pesticides - in the case of farmers - could increase the risk of prostate cancer. This risk may be even greater for men who have a family history of prostate cancer.
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Written by PROCURE. © All rights reserved - 2019