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Prostate cancer: Is it a disease of the elderly?

It depends on the definition of old. Is being 50 years old really considered “old”? Is that why prostate cancer is referred to as a disease of the elderly because urology associations recommend discussing screening starting at that age?

These days, many men in their fifties are in good shape, active, and dynamic, far from the traditional image associated with old age. Being 50 can be seen as a period of maturity, experience, and wisdom, but certainly not as being “old.” However, although the risk of developing prostate cancer increases with age, it does not mean that only older men are affected by it.

Medically reviewed by Marie-Lyssa Lafontaine, medical student, urology axis, University of Montreal, on 02/24/2023

Risk of prostate cancer

Yes, the risk of developing this disease does increase with age, but it does not mean that only older men are affected. While it is rare (less than 1%), it is possible to develop prostate cancer before reaching the age of 50. However, from the age of 50 onwards, the risks increase significantly as one gets older, according to statistics. In other words, the risk does indeed increase with age, but from a mature age.

It is essential, therefore, to take precautionary measures regardless of age to prevent and detect this disease.

Prevention and risk factors

As prostate cancer remains the third leading cause of cancer-related deaths in men, those without risk factors should start paying attention to it from the age of 50, while those with risk factors should begin monitoring from the age of 45. If in doubt, it is important to consult a doctor.

It is also important to understand the possible causes of prostate cancer.

Genetic causes and lifestyle habits

Most prostate cancers are not caused by inherited genetic factors but by sporadic mutations resulting from environmental factors, diet, aging, or other unknown reasons. Only 20% of cases are linked to a family predisposition, and in rare cases, hereditary mutations are responsible for prostate cancer.

Healthy lifestyle habits may potentially reduce the risk of prostate cancer. Research is ongoing to understand the impact of diet, maintaining a healthy weight, and level of physical activity on the onset and progression of the disease.


In conclusion, prostate cancer is not a disease reserved for the elderly. Numerous studies have shown that the risk of prostate cancer significantly increases from the age of 50 onwards. This means that men approaching their fifties need to be aware of this reality and take appropriate measures for their health. Education on symptoms, risk factors, and screening options is crucial for early detection and effective management of this disease.

Take the time to visit each of our pages on this website, as well as our YouTube channel, in order to get familiar with the disease, our expert lectures and webinars, our section on available resources, the support that is offered to you, our events and ways to get involved in advancing the cause.

You have questions or concerns? Don’t hesitate. You can chat with us or contact us at 1-855-899-2873 to discuss with one of our nurses specialized in uro-oncology. They are there to listen, support and answer your questions, as well as those of your family or loved ones. It’s simple and free, like all of our other services.

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From prostate to screening

Written by PROCURE. © All rights reserved – 2023

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